PeaceHealth Medical Group - Surgery

Colon and Rectal Surgery Procedure Guide

Colon Cancer
Colon Cancer is one of the easiest forms of cancer to detect and to cure, but most people wait too long, because of embarrassment to be screened for colon cancer. Abdominal pain, rectal pain, rectal bleeding or a change in bowel habits are a reason to have colon screening.

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy (Flex Sig)
A lighted tube is inserted into your colon and your rectum and lower colon are inspected by your surgeon. This is typically done in the office.

A lighted tube is inserted into your colon and allows your surgeon to look at the inside of your colon. Small samples of tissue may also be taken to be tested for disease or cancer. This procedure is done in the hospital with a light anesthetic.

Colon Resection
If cancer is detected you may need a colon resection. A colon resection is an operation that removes a part of your colon, the surrounding tissue and lymph glands. There are several different types of colon resections, depending on the location of your cancer. Your surgeon will discuss your specific procedure in detail with you.

A colostomy is a surgical procedure to create a new opening for your body to eliminate stool. The need for a permanent colostomy is infrequent and is nearly never required for a standard colon resection. When a colostomy is created, the colon is brought out through an opening in the abdomen (stoma). After surgery, stool will pass through the stoma and into a colostomy bag or pouch.

Hemorrhoids are cushions of tissue and blood vessels that are both inside and outside the anus. Frequent straining to eliminate stool causes hemorrhoids to enlarge and remain swollen. If your hemorrhoids need surgical treatment your doctor will numb the area and make a small incision and remove the hemorrhoid. The area may be stitched partially closed or may be left open to heal.

An anal fissure is a tear located just inside the anus. It is a condition that can cause significant pain and minimal bleeding, especially with bowel movements. Most fissures will heal with appropriate medical management. Occasionally minor surgery is required for resistant or recurrent fissures.

Fistula / Abscess
A fistula is an infected pathway (or tract) that begins as an abscess that erodes through your tissue, eventually resulting in an opening at the skin level near or around your anus. It usually secretes a lot of drainage and can initially be very painful. To repair the fistula, your surgeon will perform a fistulotomy (a procedure to open or unroof the tract).

Compassion. Precision. Confidence.