Diagnosis & Treatment
Prompt Medical Attention is Key
Call 911 immediately if you or a loved one experience the symptoms of stroke. A prompt evaluation (within 60 minutes) is necessary to identify the cause and determine appropriate therapy.
Treatment is available that may help those with the most common type of stroke - an ischemic (pronounced "is-skee-mick") stroke - recover with little or no disability. But for this treatment to work, patients need to arrive at a hospital as soon as possible after symptoms start. Even if symptoms fade away, you should still get to the emergency room as soon as possible in order for evaluation.
Drug Therapy or Surgery
Depending on a patient’s medical history and the results of a medical examination, the doctor may recommend drug therapy or surgery to reduce the risk of stroke in people who have had a transient ischemic attack (TIA).
The use of antiplatelet agents, particularly aspirin, is a standard treatment for patients at risk for stroke. People with atrial fibrillation (irregular beating of the heart) may be prescribed anticoagulants.
Therapy Immediately After Stroke
Acute stroke therapies try to stop a stroke while it is happening by quickly dissolving a blood clot causing the stroke or by stopping the bleeding of a hemorrhagic stroke.
The purpose of post-stroke rehabilitation is to overcome disabilities that result from stroke damage.