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Bee Pollen


Bee pollen consists of bee saliva and enzymes, mixed with pollen that the bees have brought back to the hive on their bodies. The bees pack the pollen into granules; honey and nectar are sometimes added to the granules. Bee pollen contains small amounts of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, protein, and fat. Bee pollen will vary from batch to batch and by location, because the pollen component will be unique to the plants the bees have visited. If pollen is collected from residential or farming areas where pesticides and other chemicals are used, these will remain in the final product.

Bee pollen may be confused with honey, honeycomb, propolis, royal jelly, and bee venom, though none of these products contain bee pollen. Propolis is a resinous mixture of tree sap, leaves, and botanical matter that bees use to seal small cracks in the hive; royal jelly is secreted by worker bees and fed to bee larva and the queen bee.

What Are Star Ratings?

This supplement has been used in connection with the following health conditions:

Used for Why
1 Star
Premenstrual Syndrome
Refer to label instructions
One small study found that 2 tablets twice daily of a dietary supplement containing bee pollen extract and royal jelly may decrease PMS symptoms including water retention, weight gain, and irritability.
One small study conducted over two menstrual cycles found that 2 tablets twice daily of a dietary supplement containing 36 mg of bee pollen extract, 120 mg of bee pollen plus pistil extract, and 6 mg of royal jelly may decrease PMS symptoms including edema (water retention), weight gain, and irritability.
1 Star
Refer to label instructions
In prostatitis patients, preliminary research has found that bee pollen may improve symptoms in some men.
One open label study of 82 prostatitis patients without complicating anatomical issues—urethral stricture, bladder neck stenosis, or prostatic mineral deposits (calculi)—found that 3 daily doses of Cernilton, a proprietary bee pollen blend, completely resolved or significantly improved symptoms in 78% of the men. In the 18 participants with complicating anatomical issues, only 1 reported improvement, suggesting the treatment is most effective for men with simple, uncomplicated prostatitis. A blind, controlled trial of 58 men found that a proprietary bee pollen blend called Prostat/Poltit led to improvement or cure of prostatitis in 73% of those receiving the supplement, compared with 36% of men receiving a placebo.

How It Works

How It Works

Bee pollen contains numerous substances with potential benefits to general health and nutrition, including antioxidants, antifungal and antimicrobial compounds, and flavonoids. 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

How to Use It

1 to 2 teaspoons of powder or granules per day; up to 3,000 mg per day, or in capsules, tablets, or gel-cap form per dietary supplement label instructions.

Where to Find It

Bee pollen is found only in dietary supplements. It is not a natural component of any commonly consumed foods, including honey.

Possible Deficiencies

Bee pollen is not an essential nutrient; deficiency is not a recognized nutritional concern.


Interactions with Supplements, Foods, & Other Compounds

At the time of writing, there were no well-known supplement or food interactions with this supplement.

Interactions with Medicines

As of the last update, we found no reported interactions between this supplement and medicines. It is possible that unknown interactions exist. If you take medication, always discuss the potential risks and benefits of adding a new supplement with your doctor or pharmacist.
The Drug-Nutrient Interactions table may not include every possible interaction. Taking medicines with meals, on an empty stomach, or with alcohol may influence their effects. For details, refer to the manufacturers’ package information as these are not covered in this table. If you take medications, always discuss the potential risks and benefits of adding a supplement with your doctor or pharmacist.

Side Effects

Side Effects

In people with pollen allergies, or who have had serious reactions to bee stings, bee pollen can cause serious allergic reactions, including hives, wheezing, swelling, and anaphylaxis. Pregnant and nursing women should not use bee pollen under any circumstances.


1. 1. Chantarudee A, Phuwapraisirisan P, Kimura K, Okuyama M, Mori H, Kimura A, Chanchao C. Chemical constituents and free radical scavenging activity of corn pollen collected from Apis mellifera hives compared to floral corn pollen at Nan, Thailand. BMC Complement Altern Med 2012;12:45.

2. Koç AN, Silici S, Kasap F, Hörmet-Oz HT, Mavus-Buldu H, Ercal BD. Antifungal activity of the honeybee products against Candida spp. and Trichosporon spp. J Med Food 2011;14:128-34.

3. Nakajima Y, Tsuruma K, Shimazawa M, Mishima S, Hara H. Comparison of bee products based on assays of antioxidant capacities. BMC Complement Altern Med 2009;9:4.

4. Sarić A, Balog T, Sobocanec S, Kusić B, Sverko V, Rusak G, Likić S, Bubalo D, Pinto B, Reali D, Marotti T. Antioxidant effects of flavonoid from Croatian Cystus incanus L. rich bee pollen. Food Chem Toxicol 2009;47:547-54.

5. Tichy J, Novak J. Detection of antimicrobials in bee products with activity against viridans streptococci. J Altern Complement Med 2000;6:383-9.


PeaceHealth endeavors to provide comprehensive health care information, however some topics in this database describe services and procedures not offered by our providers or within our facilities because they do not comply with, nor are they condoned by, the ethics policies of our organization.