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Nephrologists are internists who specialize in kidney disease.  Through the use of simple blood and urine tests, kidney problems can be identified.

Test for Kidney Function

Kidney problems can be diagnosed through simple blood and urine tests. Creatinine is a waste product that is used to estimate kidney function and can be tested with a simple blood test.

Simple urine test that measure urine albumin excretion can also identify early signs of kidney diseases. Learn more in our online health library.

Specialty Care for Kidney Disease, Hypertension

A nephrologist is a physician who has been trained in the diagnosis and management of kidney disease, such as:

  • Acute renal failure (a sudden loss of function
  • Blood in the urine
  • Kidney stones
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • High blood pressure (hypertension that is resistant to medications)

Nephrologists help patients with:

  • Maintaining healthy blood pressure
  • Maintaining the right balance in electrolytes (chemical mix in fluids)
  • Maintaining the right balance of fluids in the body
  • Dialysis (treatment for kidney failure)
  • Kidney transplant

Your primary care provider can refer you to a nephrologist if your condition requires this type of care.