Necrotizing enterocolitis is an infection and inflammation of a newborn's intestine. It can be mild or severe, leading to bowel obstruction and tissue death.
Symptoms in a newborn may include a swollen or tender belly, poor appetite or throwing up, constipation, and dark, black, or bloody stools. A newborn may also have a low or unstable body temperature and not be very active or energetic.
Necrotizing enterocolitis is believed to result from a combination of factors, including premature birth and immature immune and digestive systems.
This condition requires treatment in the hospital. The newborn is fed intravenously to allow time for the intestines to heal. And antibiotics are used to prevent or treat infection. Surgery is sometimes needed.
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Sarah Marshall MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Brad W. Warner MD - Pediatric Surgery
PeaceHealth endeavors to provide comprehensive health care information, however some topics in this database describe services and procedures not offered by our providers or within our facilities because they do not comply with, nor are they condoned by, the ethics policies of our organization.