Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. It is done to treat certain gynecological conditions, such as endometriosis, fibroids, cancer, uterine bleeding that hasn't responded to other treatments, and childbirth complications. It can also be done as part of gender-affirming surgery.
A total (complete) hysterectomy is removal of the uterus and cervix. A subtotal (also called partial or supracervical) hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. In this case, the cervix is left in place.
A radical hysterectomy is done for some cancers. It removes the uterus, the cervix, part of the vagina, and some tissues around these organs. The ovaries, fallopian tubes, and nearby lymph nodes may also be removed.
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