An anal fissure is a narrow tear that extends from the muscles that control the anus (anal sphincter) up into the anal canal. These tears usually develop when anal tissue is damaged during a hard bowel movement or when higher-than-normal tension develops in the anal sphincters.
Symptoms of an anal fissure include a sharp, stinging, or burning pain during a bowel movement. The pain, which can be severe, may last a few hours. You may also notice spots of bright red blood on toilet tissue. This blood is separate from the stool.
Minor anal fissures can often be helped to heal by drinking more fluids, eating a high-fiber diet, allowing enough time for a bowel movement, and using stool softeners.
Clinical Review Board: All Healthwise education is reviewed by a team that includes physicians, nurses, advanced practitioners, registered dieticians, and other healthcare professionals.
PeaceHealth endeavors to provide comprehensive health care information, however some topics in this database describe services and procedures not offered by our providers or within our facilities because they do not comply with, nor are they condoned by, the ethics policies of our organization.