Osteoporosis/OsteopeniaOsteoporosis, literally “porous bones,” is a disease that is characterized by low bone mass or bone loss. Weakened bones are more fragile and prone to fracture. Any bone in the body can be affected by osteoporosis but fractures of the hips and spine are of special concern.
Osteopenia is a milder form of bone loss that may advance to osteoporosis, if untreated.
Our program includes a structured, individualized program of education and personal management, including:
- Detailed evaluation of posture, strength, range of motion, balance and functional movement.
- Education regarding risk factors for osteoporosis, calcium intake, safety for minimizing falls risks, and correct movement biomechanics.
- Personalized home exercise program involving strengthening and postural exercises as well as a walking program to help maintain or prevent bone loss.
- Acute fracture management for patients with compression fractures.
- Direct treatment of musculoskeletal dysfunction when indicated.
Risk Factors for OsteoporosisAccording to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, risk factors for osteoporosis include:
- Gender: Women are more likely to develop the disease than men.
- Age: Over 65 years of age – the older the person, the higher the risk. Bones become weaker and less dense with age.
- Post-menopausal state: Estrogen deficiency is linked to bone loss.
- Family and personal history: History of osteoporosis and hip fractures on maternal side, a personal history of fracture as an adult.
- Race: Caucasian and Asian women are more likely to develop osteoporosis.
- Bone structure and body weight: Small boned and thin women (under 127 pounds) are at greater risk.
- Lifestyle: Smoking, excessive alcohol or caffeine, consuming inadequate amount of calcium, or getting little or no weight bearing exercise can all increase risk.
- Medications/Chronic diseases: Some medications used to treat chronic conditions can have side effects that damage bone and lead to osteoporosis