Starting at age 10 or at the beginning of puberty, a child who has a
body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or higher
for his or her age—or whose weight is more than 120% of ideal—and who has two
of the following risk factors needs to be tested for
type 2 diabetes every 3 years:footnote 1
A parent, brother, or sister with type 2
The child's mother developed gestational diabetes while pregnant with the child
Hispanic, African-American, Native American,
Asian-American, or Pacific Island ancestry
Signs of not being able
to use insulin properly (insulin resistance) or conditions associated with it:
If the results of a blood glucose test mean that your
child's blood sugar is higher than normal but not yet at the level of diabetes, he or she has
prediabetes. If your child eats a balanced diet and gets regular exercise,
he or she may not develop diabetes.
For more information, see the
Interactive Tool: What Is Your Child's BMI? and the topic Type 2 Diabetes in
American Diabetes Association (2016). Standards of medical care in diabetes—2016. Diabetes Care, 39(Suppl 1): S1–S112.
Other Works Consulted
American Diabetes Association (2000). Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. Diabetes Care, 23(3): 381–389.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD - Pediatrics Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerMatthew I. Kim, MD - Endocrinology David C.W. Lau, MD, PhD, FRCPC - Endocrinology
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