National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Noonan Syndrome is not the name you expected.
Noonan syndrome is a genetic disorder that is typically evident at birth (congenital). The disorder is characterized by a wide spectrum of symptoms and physical features that vary greatly in range and severity. In many affected individuals, associated abnormalities include a distinctive facial appearance; a broad or webbed neck; a low posterior hairline; a typical chest deformity and short stature. Characteristic features of the head and facial (craniofacial) area may include widely set eyes (ocular hypertelorism); skin folds that may cover the eyes' inner corners (epicanthal folds); drooping of the upper eyelids (ptosis); a small jaw (micrognathia); a depressed nasal root; a short nose with broad base; and low-set, posteriorly rotated ears (pinnae). Distinctive skeletal malformations are also typically present, such as abnormalities of the breastbone (sternum), curvature of the spine (kyphosis and/or scoliosis), and outward deviation of the elbows (cubitus valgus). Many infants with Noonan syndrome also have heart (cardiac) defects, such as obstruction of proper blood flow from the lower right chamber of the heart to the lungs (pulmonary valvular stenosis) and thickening of the ventricular heart muscle (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy). Additional abnormalities may include malformations of certain blood and lymph vessels, blood clotting and platelet deficiencies, learning difficulties or mild intellectual disability, failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum (cryptorchidism) by the first year of life in affected males, and/or other symptoms and findings.
Noonan syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder caused by abnormalities (mutations) in more than eight genes. The five most commonly involved genes are: PTPN11 (50%), SOS1 (10-13%), RAF1(5%), RIT1 (5%), and KRAS (less than 5%). Fewer individuals have a mutation in NRAS, BRAF, MEK2, RRAS, RASA2, A2ML1, SOS2, and LZTR1. Noonan-like disorders are found in association with mutations in SHOC2 and CBL.
American Heart Association
- 7272 Greenville Avenue
- Dallas, TX 75231
- Tel: (214)784-7212
- Fax: (214)784-1307
- Tel: (800)242-8721
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- Website: http://www.heart.org
Children's Cardiomyopathy Foundation
- PO Box 547
- Tenafly, NJ 7670
- Tel: (866)808-2873
- Fax: (201)227-7016
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- Website: http://www.childrenscardiomyopathy.org
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
- PO Box 8126
- Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
- Tel: (301)251-4925
- Fax: (301)251-4911
- Tel: (888)205-2311
- Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
Human Growth Foundation
- 997 Glen Cove Avenue
- Suite 5
- Glen Head, NY 11545
- Tel: (516)671-4041
- Fax: (516)671-4055
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- Oak Park, IL 60302
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- Fax: (708)383-0899
- Tel: (800)362-4423
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- Website: http://www.magicfoundation.org
March of Dimes
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- White Plains, NY 10605
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- Website: http://www.marchofdimes.org and nacersano.org
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
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- Bethesda, MD 20892-0105
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- Fax: (301)251-1223
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- Website: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/
RASopathies Network USA
- 244 Taos Road
- Altadena, CA 91001-3953
- Tel: (626)676-7694
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- Website: http://www.rasopathiesnet.org
Restricted Growth Association
- PO Box 5137
- Yeovil, BA20 9FF
- United Kingdom
- Tel: 3001111970
- Fax: 3001112454
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.restrictedgrowth.co.uk
- 1825 K Street NW, Suite 1200
- Washington, DC 20006
- Tel: (202)534-3700
- Fax: (202)534-3731
- Tel: (800)433-5255
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.thearc.org
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
Last Updated: 8/18/2016
Copyright 2016 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
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