Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid is not the name you expected.
Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) is a group of rare chronic autoimmune disorders characterized by blistering lesions that primarily affect the various mucous membranes of the body. The mucous membranes of the mouth and eyes are most often affected. The mucous membranes of the nose, throat, genitalia, and anus may also be affected. The symptoms of MMP vary among affected individuals depending upon the specific site(s) involved and the progression of the disease. Blistering lesions eventually heal, sometimes with scarring. Progressive scarring may potentially lead to serious complications affecting the eyes and throat. In some cases, blistering lesions also form on the skin, especially in the head and neck area. The exact cause of MMP is unknown.
MMP has been known by many different names within the medical literature including benign mucous membrane pemphigoid, cicatricial (scarring) pemphigoid, and ocular cicatricial pemphigoid. In March of 2002, a consensus group of researchers determined that mucous membrane pemphigoid was the best designation for this group of disorders. The term "benign" mucous membrane pemphigoid was deemed inappropriate because of the potential for serious complications in some cases. The term "cicatricial" pemphigoid excluded affected individuals who do not develop scarring. Site-specific terms such as "ocular" cicatricial pemphigoid excluded individuals with multiple site involvement.
American Autoimmune & Related Diseases
- 22100 Gratiot Ave.
- Eastpointe, MI 48021
- Tel: (586)776-3900
- Fax: (586)776-3903
- Tel: (800)598-4668
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- Website: http://www.aarda.org/
Australasian Blistering Diseases Foundation
- St. George Hospital
- Department of Dermatology
- Sydney, NSW 2217
- Tel: 02 9113 2543
- Fax: 02 9113 2886
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.blisters.org.au/
- Website: https://www.facebook.com/autoimmunityforum
European Society for Immunodeficiencies
- 1-3 rue de Chantepoulet
- Geneva, CH 1211
- Tel: 410229080484
- Fax: 41229069140
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.esid.org
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
- PO Box 8126
- Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
- Tel: (301)251-4925
- Fax: (301)251-4911
- Tel: (888)205-2311
- Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
International Pemphigus & Pemphigoid Foundation
- 1331 Garden Highway
- Ste 100
- Sacramento, CA 95825
- Tel: 916-922-1298
- Fax: 916-922-1458
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.pemphigus.org
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
- Information Clearinghouse
- One AMS Circle
- Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
- Tel: (301)495-4484
- Fax: (301)718-6366
- Tel: (877)226-4267
- Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
- Website: http://www.niams.nih.gov/
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.
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This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
Last Updated: 3/29/2016
Copyright 2013 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
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