Mesothelioma

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Mesothelioma is not the name you expected.

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Summary

Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that affects the cells that make up the mesothelium. The mesothelium is the lining or membrane that covers and protects various internal organs of the body. The mesothelium is composed of two layers of specialized cells known as mesothelial cells. One layer directly surrounds an organ; the other forms a protective sacs around thoracic and peritoneal organs. The most common form of mesothelioma affects the pleura, which is the membrane or sac that lines the lungs and chest cavity. Other common sites include the peritoneum, which is the membrane lining the abdominal cavity, and the pericardium, which is the membrane lining the heart (heart sac). Mesothelial tissue is also found in other areas of the body including the membrane covering the testicles (tunica vaginalis). The disorder most often occurs in older adults. Mesothelioma is often an aggressive form of cancer. Treatment

are available, but are not effective for everyone.

Introduction

The term "cancer"refers to a group of diseases characterized by abnormal, uncontrolled cellular growth (e.g., mesothelial cells) that invades surrounding tissues and may spread (metastasize) to distant bodily tissues or organs via the bloodstream, the lymphatic system, or other means. Different forms of cancer, including mesothelioma, may be classified based upon the cell type involved, the specific nature of the malignancy, the tissues or organs affected, and the disease's clinical course. Symptoms of mesothelioma vary depending upon the location, type and stage of the cancer. Approximately 70 to 90% of cases of mesothelioma result from exposure to asbestos. Symptoms of mesothelioma may not appear until up to 30 to 50 years after initial exposure to asbestos. However, after symptoms become apparent, mesothelioma may rapidly progress to cause life-threatening complications.

Supporting Organizations

American Cancer Society, Inc.

250 Williams NW St
Ste 6000
Atlanta, GA 30303
USA
Tel: (404)320-3333
Tel: (800)227-2345
Website: http://www.cancer.org

American Lung Association

55 W. Wacker Drive
Suite 1150
Chicago, IL 60601
USA
Tel: 1-800-548-8252
Email: info@lung.org
Website: http://www.lungusa.org

Asbestos Disease Awareness Organization

1525 Aviation Boulevard Suite 318
Redondo Beach, CA 90278
Tel: (310)251-7477
Fax: (866)294-1550
Email: info@AsbestosDiseaseAwareness.org
Website: http://www.asbestosdiseaseawareness.org

Canadian Cancer Society

55 St. Clair Avenue West Suite 500
Toronto, M4V 2Y7
Canada
Tel: 4164885400
Fax: 4164882872
Tel: 8002688874
Email: webmaster@ontario.cancer.ca
Website: http://www.cancer.ca/

Cancer Care, Inc.

275 Seventh Avenue
New York, NY 10001
Tel: (212)712-8400
Fax: (212)719-0263
Tel: (800)813-4673
Email: info@cancercare.org
Website: http://www.cancercare.org

Cancer Support Community

1050 17th St NW Suite 500
Washington, DC 20036
Tel: (202)659-9709
Fax: (202)974-7999
Tel: (888)793-9355
Website: http://www.cancersupportcommunity.org/

Cancer.Net

American Society of Clinical Oncology
2318 Mill Road Suite 800
Alexandria, VA 22314
Tel: (571)483-1780
Fax: (571)366-9537
Tel: (888)651-3038
Email: contactus@cancer.net
Website: http://www.cancer.net/

Friends of Cancer Research

1800 M Street NW
Suite 1050 South
Washington, DC 22202
Tel: (202)944-6700
Email: info@focr.org
Website: http://www.focr.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation

1317 King Street
Alexandria, VA 22314
USA
Tel: (805)563-8400
Fax: (805)563-8411
Tel: (877)363-6376
Email: info@curemeso.org
Website: http://www.curemeso.org

National Cancer Institute

6116 Executive Blvd Suite 300
Bethesda, MD 20892-8322
USA
Tel: (301)435-3848
Tel: (800)422-6237
Email: cancergovstaff@mail.nih.gov
Website: http://www.cancer.gov

PMP Pals' Network

225 Crossroads Blvd.
Suite 390
Carmel, CA 93923
Tel: 408-909-7257
Email: info@pmppals.net
Website: http://pmppals.net/

Rare Cancer Alliance

1649 North Pacana Way
Green Valley, AZ 85614
USA
Website: http://www.rare-cancer.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

Last Updated:  9/10/2014
Copyright  2014 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.