Guillain Barré Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Skip to the navigation

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Guillain Barré Syndrome is not the name you expected.

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare, rapidly progressive disorder that consists of inflammation of the nerves (polyneuritis) causing muscle weakness, sometimes progressing to complete paralysis. Although the precise cause of GBS is unknown, a gastrointestinal or respiratory infection precedes the onset of the syndrome in about half of the cases. This has led to the theory that GBS may be an autoimmune disease (caused by the body's own immune system). Damage to the covering (myelin) of nerve axons (the extension of the nerve cell that conducts impulses away from the nerve cell body) results in delayed nerve signal transmission. This causes weakness of the muscles that are supplied by the damaged nerves.

The following variants of GBS are recognized acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, acute motor sensory axonal neuropathy, and acute motor axonal neuropathy.

Supporting Organizations

American Autoimmune & Related Diseases

22100 Gratiot Ave.
Eastpointe, MI 48021
Tel: (586)776-3900
Fax: (586)776-3903
Tel: (800)598-4668
Email: aarda@aarda.org
Website: http://www.aarda.org/

AutoImmunity Community

Website: https://www.facebook.com/autoimmunityforum

Center for Peripheral Neuropathy

University of Chicago
5841 South Maryland Ave, MC 2030
Chicago, IL 60637
Tel: (773)702-5659
Fax: (773)702-5577
Website: http://peripheralneuropathycenter.uchicago.edu/

Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation

636 Morris Turnpike, Suite 3A
Short Hills, NJ 7078
USA
Tel: (973)379-2690
Fax: (973)912-9433
Tel: (800)225-0292
Email: prc@ChristopherReeve.org
Website: http://www.christopherreeve.org

European Society for Immunodeficiencies

1-3 rue de Chantepoulet
Geneva, CH 1211
Switzerland
Tel: 410229080484
Fax: 41229069140
Email: esid@kenes.com
Website: http://www.esid.org

GBS/CIDP Foundation International

The Holly Building
104 1/2 Forrest Avenue
Narberth, PA 19072
USA
Tel: (610)667-0131
Fax: (610)667-7036
Tel: (866)224-3301
Email: info@gbs-cidp.org
Website: http://www.gbs-cidp.org/

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Foundation of Canada, Inc.

PO Box 42016
2852 John Street
Markham, Ontario, L3R 5R0
Canada
Tel: 9056400073
Fax: 9056409815
Email: keast@sprint.ca
Website: http://www.gbs-cidp.org/canada/

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Support Group

Woodholme House Ground Floor
Heckington Business Park
Sleaford, NG34 7EB
United Kingdom
Tel: 1529469910
Fax: 1529469915
Tel: 800374803
Email: admin@gbs.org.uk
Website: http://www.gbs.org.uk

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
Website: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

Last Updated:  1/29/2014
Copyright  2014 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.