Common Variable Immune Deficiency
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Common Variable Immune Deficiency is not the name you expected.
Common Variable Immune Deficiency (CVID) is a type of primary immunodeficiency, which is defined as an immune system dysfunction typically caused by a mutation in a gene or genes. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes more than 180 primary immunodeficiencies ranging from relatively common to quite rare.
CVID is one of the most prevalent of the symptomatic primary immunodeficiencies and manifests a wide variability of symptoms and range of severity. It is considered a diverse group of diseases of unknown cause (etiology) as many different immune system defects have been found to lead this syndrome. CVID is characterized by a low level of specific proteins (antibodies, also called immunoglobulins) in the fluid portion of the blood which results in a decreased ability to fight invading microorganisms, toxins, or other foreign substances. These immunoglobulins are produced by specialized white blood cells (B cells) as they mature into plasma cells.
The cause of CVID is unknown in at least 90% of cases, and a genetic cause has been identified in less than 10%. Sporadic cases, with no apparent history of the disorder in their family is the commonest form and may be caused by a complex interaction of environmental and genetic components (multifactorial inheritance), but genes that are involved in the development and function of B cells are believed to be the primary cause.
European Society for Immunodeficiencies
- 1-3 rue de Chantepoulet
- Geneva, CH 1211
- Tel: 410229080484
- Fax: 41229069140
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.esid.org
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
- PO Box 8126
- Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
- Tel: (301)251-4925
- Fax: (301)251-4911
- Tel: (888)205-2311
- Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
Immune Deficiency Foundation
- 110 West Road
- Suite 300
- Towson, MD 21204
- Tel: (410)321-6647
- Fax: (410)321-9165
- Tel: (800)296-4433
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.primaryimmune.org
International Patient Organization for Primary Immunodeficiencies
- Firside Main Road
- Cornwall, PL11 3LE
- United Kingdom
- Tel: 441503250668
- Fax: 441503250961
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.ipopi.org/
Jeffrey Modell Foundation
- 780 Third Avenue
- New York, NY 10017
- Tel: (212)819-0200
- Fax: (212)764-4180
- Tel: (866)469-6474
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.info4pi.org
March of Dimes
- 1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
- White Plains, NY 10605
- Tel: (914)997-4488
- Fax: (914)997-4763
- Email: AskUs@marchofdimes.org or email@example.com
- Website: http://www.marchofdimes.org and nacersano.org
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
- P.O. Box 30105
- Bethesda, MD 20892-0105
- Tel: (301)592-8573
- Fax: (301)251-1223
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
Last Updated: 8/6/2015
Copyright 2014 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
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