Cervical Dystonia

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Skip to the navigation

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Cervical Dystonia is not the name you expected.

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Cervical dystonia, also known as spasmodic torticollis, is a rare neurological disorder that originates in the brain. It is the most common form of focal dystonia in an office setting. Cervical dystonia is characterized by involuntary muscle contractions in the neck that cause abnormal movements and postures of the neck and head. In some cases, these abnormal contractions may be sustained or continuous; in others, they may be present as spasms that can resemble tremor. The severity of cervical dystonia can vary, but the disorder can cause significant pain and discomfort as well as difficulty due to the abnormal postures. It can affect quality of life and activities of daily living including employment. Cervical dystonia typically begins in middle age, and rarely begins in adolescence and young adulthood. The cause of cervical dystonia is unknown, although a genetic susceptibility is thought to underlie some cases. If cervical dystonia begins in infancy or early childhood, secondary causes should be investigated.

Supporting Organizations

American Dystonia Society

17 Suffolk Lane
Suite 1
Princeton Junction, NJ 08550
Tel: 310-237-5478
Fax: 609-275-5663
Email: info@dystonia.us
Website: http://www.dystonia.us

Dystonia Europe

Square de Meeus 37 - 4th Floor
Brussels, 1000
Belgium
Tel: +46 739 98 49 61
Email: sec@dystonia-europe.org
Website: http://www.dystonia-europe.org

Dystonia Medical Research Foundation

1 East Wacker Drive, Suite 2810 East Wacker Drive
Suite 2810
Chicago, IL 60601-1905
United States
Tel: (312)755-0198
Fax: (312)803-0138
Tel: (800)377-3978
Email: dystonia@dystonia-foundation.org
Website: http://www.dystonia-foundation.org

Dystonia Society

89 Albert Embankment, 2nd Floor
Vauxhall
London, SE1 7TP
United Kingdom
Tel: 8454586211
Fax: 8454586311
Tel: 8454586322
Email: angie@dystonia.org.uk
Website: http://www.dystonia.org.uk

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
Website: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

National Spasmodic Torticollis Association

9920 Talbert Avenue
Fountain Valley, CA 92708
Tel: (714)378-9837
Fax: (714)378-9830
Tel: (800)487-8385
Email: NSTAmail@aol.com
Website: http://www.torticollis.org

Spasmodic Torticollis ST/Dystonia, Inc.

PO Box 28
Mukwonago, WI 53149
Tel: (262)560-9534
Fax: (262)560-9535
Tel: (888)445-4588
Email: info@spasmodictorticollis.org
Website: http://www.spasmodictorticollis.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

Last Updated:  3/21/2016
Copyright  2016 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.