Gilbert Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Gilbert Syndrome is not the name you expected.

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Gilbert syndrome is a mild genetic liver disorder in which the body cannot properly process bilirubin, a yellowish waste product that is formed when old or worn out red blood cells are broken down (hemolysis). Individuals with Gilbert syndrome have elevated levels of bilirubin (hyperbilirubinemia), because they have a reduced level of a specific liver enzyme required for elimination of bilirubin. Most affected individuals have no symptoms (asymptomatic) or may only exhibit mild yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, and whites of the eyes (jaundice). Jaundice may not be apparent until adolescence. Bilirubin levels may increase following stress, exertion, dehydration alcohol consumption, fasting, and/or infection. In some individuals, jaundice may only be apparent when triggered by one of these conditions. Gilbert syndrome is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.

Supporting Organizations

British Liver Trust

2 Southampton Road
Ringwood, BH24 1HY
United Kingdom
Tel: 1425481320
Fax: 1425481335
Tel: 8006527330
Email: info@britishlivertrust.org.uk
Website: http://www.britishlivertrust.org.uk

Canadian Liver Foundation

3100 Steeles Avenue East Suite 801
Markham Ontario, L3R 8T3
Canada
Tel: 4164913353
Fax: 9057521540
Tel: 8005635483
Email: clf@liver.ca
Website: http://www.liver.ca

Children's Liver Disease Foundation

36 Great Charles Street
Birmingham, B3 3JY
United Kingdom
Tel: 1212123839
Fax: 1212124300
Email: info@childliverdisease.org
Website: http://www.childliverdisease.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

March of Dimes

1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Email: AskUs@marchofdimes.org or preguntas@nacersano.org
Website: http://www.marchofdimes.org and nacersano.org

NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases

Office of Communications & Public Liaison
Bldg 31, Rm 9A06
Bethesda, MD 20892-2560
Tel: (301)496-3583
Email: NDDIC@info.niddk.nih.gov
Website: http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

Last Updated:  5/14/2015
Copyright  2015 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.