National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report WHIM Syndrome is not the name you expected.
WHIM syndrome is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder, which are disorders in which the body's immune system does not function properly. WHIM is an acronym for some of the characteristic symptoms of the disorder – (w)arts, (h)ypogammaglobulinemia, (i)nfections, and (m)yelokathexis. Individuals with WHIM syndrome are more susceptible to potentially life-threatening bacterial infections. To a lesser extent, they are also predisposed to viral infections. Affected individuals are particularly susceptible to human papillomavirus (HPV), which can cause skin and genital warts and potentially lead to cancer. Affected individuals have extremely low levels of certain white bloods (neutrophils) in the blood (neutropenia). In most cases, WHIM syndrome is caused by mutations of the CXCR4 gene. This mutation is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.
WHIM syndrome is a primary immunodeficiency disorder, one of a group of disorders characterized by irregularities in the cell development and/or cell maturation process of the immune system. The immune system is divided into several components, the combined actions of which are responsible for defending against infectious agents. The T cell system (cell-mediated immune response) contributes to fighting several viruses, some bacteria and yeast and fungi. The B cell system (humoral immune response) fights infection caused by other viruses and bacteria. It does so by secreting immune factors called antibodies (also known as immunoglobulins) into the fluid portion of the blood (serum) and body secretions (e.g. saliva). There are five classes of immunoglobulins (Ig) known as IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, and IgM. Antibodies can directly kill microorganisms or coat them so they are more easily destroyed by white blood cells.
Canadian Immunodeficiencies Patient Organization
- 8516 – 18 Avenue S.W.
- Edmonton, AB T6X 0R7
- Tel: 7056963679
- Fax: 8669427651
- Tel: 1-877-607-CIPO (2476)
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.cipo.ca
European Society for Immunodeficiencies
- 1-3 rue de Chantepoulet
- Geneva, CH 1211
- Tel: 410229080484
- Fax: 41229069140
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.esid.org
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
- PO Box 8126
- Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
- Tel: (301)251-4925
- Fax: (301)251-4911
- Tel: (888)205-2311
- Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/
Immune Deficiency Foundation
- 110 West Road
- Suite 300
- Towson, MD 21204
- Tel: (410)321-6647
- Fax: (410)321-9165
- Tel: (800)296-4433
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.primaryimmune.org
International Patient Organization for Primary Immunodeficiencies
- Firside Main Road
- Cornwall, PL11 3LE
- United Kingdom
- Tel: 441503250668
- Fax: 441503250961
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.ipopi.org/
Jeffrey Modell Foundation
- 780 Third Avenue
- New York, NY 10017
- Tel: (212)819-0200
- Fax: (212)764-4180
- Tel: (866)469-6474
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Website: http://www.info4pi.org
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
- NIAID Office of Communications and Government Relations
- 5601 Fishers Lane, MSC 9806
- Bethesda, MD 20892-9806
- Tel: (301)496-5717
- Fax: (301)402-3573
- Tel: (866)284-4107
- Email: email@example.com
- Website: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".
The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.
It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
Last Updated: 4/25/2016
Copyright 2016 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
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