The human papillomavirus (HPV) causes warts, including genital
warts, and may cause cervical cancer and changes in the cervix that can lead to
cancer. HPV is spread by direct contact.
There are more than 100 known types of HPV.
Some HPV types cause genital warts. In women,
certain high-risk types of HPV increase the risk of cervical cancer. Women may
have an HPV infection and not have any symptoms. Sometimes the only sign that a
woman is infected with HPV is an abnormal Pap test result.
types of HPV cause common, plantar, filiform or flat warts, and some genital
warts. These types of warts are not cancerous.
There is no known cure for HPV. Most warts and HPV infections go
away without treatment within 2 years. But medicines and treatments are
available to help warts disappear more quickly. HPV remains in the body with or
without treatment, so warts or HPV infections of the cervix may come
The HPV vaccine can help prevent HPV infection. It can be given to males and females 9 to 26 years old.
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Kevin C. Kiley, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
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