Uses

Botanical names:
Hippophae rhamnoides

Parts Used & Where Grown

Sea buckthorn berries are used, either as the whole berry, berry puree or juice, or the oil derived from the fruit or its seeds. The plant is native to Europe and Asia.
What Are Star Ratings?

This supplement has been used in connection with the following health conditions:

Used for Why
2 Stars
Burns
Refer to label instructions
Sea buckthorn extracts may speed the healing of skin injuries, including burns.
In animal studies, sea buckthorn extracts have been shown to speed the healing of skin injuries, including burns. In a controlled trial, people treated for burns with dressings containing sea buckthorn oil had greater pain relief and faster healing than those treated with a standard burn dressing.
2 Stars
Cardiovascular Disease
10 mg three times daily of a flavonoid extract of sea buckthorn for six weeks
Sea buckthorn berries, their oil, or flavonoid-rich extracts of the fruit have lowered biochemical indicators of increased cardiovascular risk in some, though not all, preliminary and double-blind human studies.
Sea buckthorn berries, their oil, or flavonoid-rich extracts of the fruit have lowered biochemical indicators of increased cardiovascular risk in some, though not all,preliminary and double-blind human studies. In a preliminary trial, people with heart disease who took 10 mg three times daily of a flavonoid extract of sea buckthorn for six weeks had less chest pain, lower blood cholesterol, and improved heart function. Double-blind research is needed to confirm these findings.
2 Stars
Dry Eye Syndrome
2 grams per day of sea buckthorn oil for three months
Sea buckthorn oil contains large amounts of essential fatty acids that are thought to be helpful for both preventing dry eye syndrome and reducing its severity.
Sea buckthorn oil contains large amounts of essential fatty acids that are thought to be helpful for both preventing dry eye syndrome and reducing its severity. In a double-blind trial, people who took 2 grams per day of sea buckthorn oil for three months had reduced abnormalities in tear composition and some improvement in symptoms of redness and burning.
2 Stars
Liver Cirrhosis
15 grams three times daily of sea buckthorn extract
Preliminary research suggests that sea buckthorn may improve indicators of liver damage.
Sea buckthorn has been shown to protect the liver from damage in animal studies, and to reduce blood indicators of liver damage in preliminary human studies.. In a controlled trial, 80% of people with cirrhosis who took 15 grams three times daily of sea buckthorn extract (potency or standardization not stated) had blood indicators of liver damage return to normal within six months, compared to 56% of a group taking a B-complex vitamin.
1 Star
Common Cold and Sore Throat
Refer to label instructions
Sea buckthorn has been shown in animal studies to have immune system-enhancing and anti-inflammatory properties, though a clinical trial did not find benefit.
Sea buckthorn has been shown in animal studies to have immune system-enhancing and anti-inflammatory properties that might help prevent or relieve the common cold. However, in a double-blind trial, healthy people who consumed 28 grams per day of pureed sea buckthorn berries for three months had the same number and duration of common cold episodes as a group consuming a placebo puree. Sea buckthorn does not appear to be effective for preventing or relieving the common cold.
1 Star
Eczema
Refer to label instructions
Sea buckthorn oil contains large amounts of essential fatty acids that are important to skin health inflammation control.
Sea buckthorn oil contains large amounts of essential fatty acids that are important to skin health and control of inflammation, and has constituents that, according to test tube and animal research, could influence the immune system abnormalities underlying skin conditions such as eczema. Double-blind studies have investigated a sea buckthorn extract taken by mouth and a topical application of sea buckthorn. In one study, people with eczema who took 5 grams per day of sea buckthorn pulp oil for four months had reduced symptoms of eczema, but their improvement was no better than in those taking a placebo. In another study, people with eczema applied daily to the affected area either a 10% sea buckthorn cream, a 20% sea buckthorn cream, or a placebo cream. After four weeks all groups had small reductions in the severity of eczema symptoms, but the sea buckthorn creams were no more helpful than the placebo cream.
1 Star
High Cholesterol
Refer to label instructions
Sea buckthorn contains flavonoids and essential fatty acids that may influence blood cholesterol according to animal and preliminary human research.
Sea buckthorn contains flavonoids and essential fatty acids that may influence blood cholesterol according to animal and preliminary human research. In a double-blind trial, people with normal blood cholesterol who consumed 28 grams per day of pureed sea buckthorn berries for three months experienced no change in their blood cholesterol. Similarly, a double-blind trial of 300 ml per day of sea buckthorn berry juice found no cholesterol-lowering effect in people with normal blood cholesterol. Double-blind studies of people with high cholesterol are needed to determine whether sea buckthorn is an effective treatment for this condition.
1 Star
Hypertension
Refer to label instructions
Research suggest that flavonoids from sea buckthorn may have blood pressure-lowering effects.
Test tube, animal studies, and preliminary human research suggest that flavonoids from sea buckthorn may have blood pressure-lowering effects. In a controlled trial, a group of overweight women, some of whom had high blood pressure, consumed for one month either 100 grams per day of fresh sea buckthorn berries, or an equivalent amount of sea buckthorn oil or sea buckthorn berry extract. None of these forms of sea buckthorn had any blood-pressure lowering effect on the group as a whole. Double-blind research in people with hypertension is needed to clarify the possible benefits of sea buckthorn for this condition.
1 Star
Peptic Ulcer
Refer to label instructions
Sea buckthorn contains flavonoids and other constituents that promote healing. It has been associated with peptic ulcer improvement, though more research is needed.
Sea buckthorn contains flavonoids and other constituents that promote healing, and sea buckthorn oil has been shown to both prevent and heal peptic ulcers in animal studies. Direct application of sea buckthorn oil to ulcers during medical treatment with endoscopy has been reported to improve results, but no studies of treating peptic ulcers with sea buckthorn oil supplements have been done.
1 Star
Type 1 Diabetes
Refer to label instructions
Animal and preliminary research suggests a connection between sea buckthorn and improved measures of blood sugar control.
Animal research reports that sea buckthorn flavonoids lower blood glucose. In a preliminary trial, children with type 1 diabetes who consumed a concentrated mixture of sea buckthorn berries and blueberries (concentration and relative proportions not stated) for two months had improved blood measures of glucose control. Double-blind research using sea buckthorn alone is needed to confirm these findings and to determine an effective daily amount of sea buckthorn.

Traditional Use (May Not Be Supported by Scientific Studies)

Sea buckthorn has been used as a traditional herbal remedy in central and eastern Asia for respiratory, skin, and gastrointestinal conditions, and to reduce fever and inflammation.

How It Works

Botanical names:
Hippophae rhamnoides

How It Works

Sea buckthorn berries contain flavonoids such as isorhamnetin,1 as well as vitamins and other factors that might contribute to its activity.2 The oil in the pulp and seed is high in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.3

How to Use It

Fresh or frozen sea buckthorn berries have been used at 28 to 100 grams daily. Two to five grams per day of sea buckthorn oil has been used. Flavonoids from sea buckthorn have been taken at 30 mg per day. Sea buckthorn can also be use topically with a 10% to 20% sea buckthorn cream, or by adding sea buckthorn oil to skin dressings.

Where to Find It

Sea buckthorn berries are used, either as the whole berry, berry puree or juice, or the oil derived from the fruit or its seeds. The plant is native to Europe and Asia.

Interactions

Botanical names:
Hippophae rhamnoides

Interactions with Supplements, Foods, & Other Compounds

At the time of writing, there were no well-known supplement or food interactions with this supplement.

Interactions with Medicines

As of the last update, we found no reported interactions between this supplement and medicines. It is possible that unknown interactions exist. If you take medication, always discuss the potential risks and benefits of adding a new supplement with your doctor or pharmacist.
The Drug-Nutrient Interactions table may not include every possible interaction. Taking medicines with meals, on an empty stomach, or with alcohol may influence their effects. For details, refer to the manufacturers' package information as these are not covered in this table. If you take medications, always discuss the potential risks and benefits of adding a supplement with your doctor or pharmacist.

Side Effects

Botanical names:
Hippophae rhamnoides

Side Effects

Sea buckthorn berry oil reduces platelet activity, according to controlled human research.4 This could mean that people with impaired blood clotting might experience a worsening of that condition if they took sea buckthorn. People with impaired blood clotting, and people who are taking medications that inhibit blood clotting, should consult a knowledgeable healthcare provider before taking sea buckthorn.

References

1. Suomela JP, Ahotupa M, Yang B, et al. Absorption of flavonols derived from sea buckthorn (Hippophaërhamnoides L.) and their effect on emerging risk factors for cardiovascular disease in humans. J Agric Food Chem 2006;54:7364-9.

2. Suryakumar G, Gupta A. Medicinal and therapeutic potential of Sea buckthorn (Hippophaerhamnoides L.). J Ethnopharmacol 2011;138:268-78.

3. Yang B, Kallio HP. Fatty acid composition of lipids in sea buckthorn (Hippophaërhamnoides L.) berries of different origins. J Agric Food Chem 2001;49:1939-47.

4. Johansson AK, Korte H, Yang B, et al. Sea buckthorn berry oil inhibits platelet aggregation. J NutrBiochem 2000;11:491-5.