A physical exam for high blood pressure also includes a medical history. The extent of the physical exam and the level of detail in your doctor's questions depend on how high your blood pressure is and whether you have other risk factors for heart disease. People who have many risk factors may have a more detailed evaluation.
The physical exam and medical history includes:
The physical exam and medical history are done to:
Blood pressure measurements are classified as follows.
High blood pressure is also classified into stages.
Your doctor might check for signs that high blood pressure has already caused damage to your blood vessels, heart, or eyes. Your doctor might check for:
In most cases of high blood pressure, the person does not have any signs of complications or secondary causes of high blood pressure.
A diagnosis of high blood pressure usually is based on an average of two or more readings taken during two or more visits after an initial screening.
If prehypertension or high blood pressure is diagnosed, lifestyle changes and/or drug treatment may be started.
You may need more tests to check for secondary high blood pressure or damage to other organs, such as the kidneys, if:
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