When to start
Name of tests
After having diabetes for 3 to 5 years
Have a foot exam to check for diabetic neuropathy. Your doctor will look at your feet for sores and calluses at every visit beginning at diagnosis. At least once a year, have a test using a 10 g monofilament to check for sensation in your feet. People with one or more foot problems may need to have their feet examined more than once a year.
After having diabetes for 5 years
See your doctor and have a microalbumin urine test, which evaluates your urine for the presence of a protein called albumin. Albumin is normally found in the blood. Albumin is filtered by the kidneys and then returned to the bloodstream. When the kidneys are working properly, albumin is not present in the urine. But when the kidneys are damaged, small amounts of albumin leak into the urine. This condition is called microalbuminuria. Either of the following tests may be done.
Elevated microalbumin urine results point to kidney damage. One of the following tests may be done to find out the amount of protein released in your urine and estimate how severe the kidney damage is.
Every year you will also have a blood creatinine test. The blood creatinine test shows how well your kidneys are working. A high creatinine level may mean your kidneys are not working properly.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Jennifer Hone, MD - Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism|
|Last Revised||September 26, 2012|
Last Revised: September 26, 2012
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