Hydrocephalus of the brain occurs when there is an imbalance in how much cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is made and absorbed, or in how it flows. One way to classify this condition is by how the imbalance occurs. There are two main ways:
In very rare cases the brain tissue makes too much CSF and the body can't properly absorb or distribute the high amount of fluid. This is called overproduction hydrocephalus.
Cerebrospinal fluid sometimes builds up rapidly, such as with an injury, and can cause sudden and severe damage if not treated. Other times the fluid gradually accumulates and may not cause problems right away.
Types of hydrocephalus include:
With all types of hydrocephalus, early detection and treatment are important to minimize or prevent long-term problems.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||John Pope, MD - Pediatrics|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Christian G. Zimmerman, MD, FACS, MBA - Neurological Surgery|
|Last Revised||January 24, 2012|
Last Revised: January 24, 2012
Author: Healthwise Staff
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