Because heart failure is a lifelong condition, you will have dozens—or even hundreds—of appointments with various health professionals during your experience with the disease.
Creating ongoing and lasting relationships with these professionals can have two benefits:
Rest assured that you will not be left alone with the task of managing your disease. You will see several doctors, specialists, and nurses who each will offer you specific suggestions and guidance that are needed to control your heart failure. The number of health professionals you see will probably continue to grow over time. Your health care team can include doctors, nurses, cardiac surgeons, physical and occupational therapists, dietitians, social workers, and pharmacists.
Because of this growing number of health professionals, it may be easy to forget that you must also play an active role in the management of heart failure. In fact, you are the most important member of your treatment team. Without your active participation and cooperation in managing your condition, no amount of effort by your doctors and nurses will successfully improve your health.
Although each member of your medical team plays an important role in heart failure treatment, doctors and nurses help guide you in making the best treatment decisions for you.
Your primary care doctor will act as the coach of your health care team. Your coach may be a family doctor or a cardiologist. Your doctor will be responsible for creating and correcting your drug treatment plan, regularly checking in on signs and symptoms of your disease, and coordinating your care with other health professionals. Your doctor will also help you to understand your overall prognosis and the specifics of how your drugs should be taken.
How often you see your doctor will usually depend on how far your heart failure has progressed. If you have class I or II heart failure, you may see your doctor 2 or 3 times a year to assess your overall health and ask you important questions about your lifestyle. If you have more advanced (class III or IV) heart failure, you might see your doctor more often.
The nurses involved in your care have four main roles, which are to:
You cannot effectively follow any of your health care team's orders unless you take the time to understand them fully. Open, two-way communication between you and the members of your health care team is the key to a successful relationship. It is important to listen to everything they have to say. But they will also be listening to you about how you have been feeling between visits and about any concerns you have about your health.
Remember that you should feel comfortable discussing any aspect of your health or life with your health professionals. No question is inappropriate, especially if it is something that concerns you. Do not be intimidated by their level of education or by how busy they are. Focus on taking an active role in your visits with the health care team members.
It may be difficult to remember exactly who does what. To help you understand the roles of each health professional, the following table outlines the responsibilities of some of the people you may meet and work with during your experience with heart failure.
Role in your care
|Primary care physician (PCP)||Coordinates the care of your heart failure with other illnesses or conditions that you may also have|
|Cardiologist||A doctor specialized in caring for your heart who is responsible for your heart failure care|
|Heart failure specialist||A cardiologist specialized in caring for heart failure who is responsible for your heart failure care if you have severe or very complicated heart failure or are seeking an experimental treatment|
|Cardiac surgeon||A doctor trained to operate on the heart who performs surgeries, such as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgeries and heart transplants|
|Nurse||Educates and cares for you during your illness and answers many of your questions|
|Nurse practitioner||Educates and cares for you during your illness and answers many of your questions|
|Physical therapist||A health professional specially trained in recovery who helps you improve your strength and endurance after surgery or a heart attack|
|Registered dietitian||Teaches you about nutrition and develops diets to promote your health|
|Occupational therapist||A health professional specially trained in helping in your physical recovery so you can return to your previous job or train for a new type of job|
|Social worker||Offers advice about the financial, legal, and emotional aspects of your treatment|
|Pharmacist||Answers questions about how often to take your drugs and the side effects they might cause|
Work closely with your medical team to take an active role in your healthcare.
Last Revised: April 26, 2012
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