When a pregnant woman has a toxoplasmosis infection, she is treated with an antibiotic. This lowers the chances that her fetus will become infected.
If an amniocentesis shows that a fetus is infected, giving the mother a combination of antibiotics lowers the risk of birth defects and may cure the infection.2 Sulfadiazine plus pyrimethamine (an antibiotic commonly used for malaria) is sometimes used with the antibiotic spiramycin.1, 3
A newborn who has toxoplasmosis needs a year of antibiotics to lower the risk of eye and brain damage. This treatment is given to the newborn even if the mother was treated during pregnancy.
- Montoya JG, et al. (2010). Toxoplasma gondii. In GL Mandell et al., eds., Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 7th ed., vol. 2, pp. 3495–3526. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2000, reaffirmed 2009). Perinatal viral and parasitic infections. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 20. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 96(3): 1–13.
- Savoia MC (2004). Toxoplasmosis section of Bacterial, fungal, and parasitic disease. In GN Burrow et al., eds., Medical Complications During Pregnancy, 6th ed., pp. 330–332. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders.
Last Revised: June 2, 2011
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