The actual number of women who have endometriosis is not known because many women do not have symptoms. The formal diagnosis of endometriosis can be made only after a laparoscopic exam. Regardless of whether pain or infertility is the major problem, many women with endometriosis are never diagnosed. This is because their symptoms are not severe enough to require laparoscopy.
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2010). Noncontraceptive uses of hormonal contraceptives. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 110. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 115(1): 206–218.
- Fritz MA, Speroff L (2011). Endometriosis. In Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility, 8th ed., pp. 1221–1248. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2005). Endometriosis in adolescents. ACOG Committee Opinion No. 310. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 105(4): 921–927.
Last Revised: July 7, 2011
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