Certain health problems are more likely to develop in people who have Down syndrome than in the general population. These are often a result of body structures that did not develop normally.
Your child with Down syndrome may never have any of these problems even though he or she is at increased risk.
Common health problems include:
Children and adults who have Down syndrome may not be able to tell you or the doctor if they don't feel well or are in pain. Instead, their behavior may change. Or they may stop doing things that they used to do. These may be signs of a medical problem. Talk to the doctor if you notice that the person with Down syndrome behaves in a new way. Also be alert for signs of depression, anxiety, or other mental or behavioral health problems.
- Chun-Hui Tsai A, et al. (2011). Chromosomal disorders: Trisomies section of Genetics and dysmorphology. In WW Hay Jr et al., eds., Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Pediatrics, 20th ed., pp. 1037–1038. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Committee on Genetics, American Academy of Pediatrics (2001, reaffirmed 2007). Health supervision for children with Down syndrome. Pediatrics, 107(2): 442–449.
Last Revised: July 20, 2011
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