A urinalysis tests the urine for color, clarity (clear or
cloudy), odor, concentration, and pH (acidity or alkalinity). It also checks
for abnormal levels of protein, sugar, and blood cells or other substances
that, if found in the urine, may mean an illness or disease somewhere in
A person may have a urinalysis:
As part of a routine physical
To screen for a disease or infection of the urinary tract.
Symptoms that may cause a doctor to order a urine test include discolored or
foul-smelling urine, pain during urination, difficulty urinating, flank pain,
To monitor the treatment of certain conditions, such as
diabetes, kidney stones, urinary tract infection, or some types of kidney or
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.