Bladder Cancer Surgery
Urologic surgeons specialize in surgery for the bladder and kidney systems.
Cystectomy is most commonly performed to treat cancer of the bladder. It is a surgical procedure that removes all or part of the urinary bladder, the organ that collects urine from the kidneys for excretion at a later time.
Partial cystectomy removes part of the bladder; simple cystectomy removes the entire bladder; and radical cystectomy removes the bladder as well as other pelvic organs or structures.
Radical cystectomy is the standard treatment for cancer that has invaded the bladder muscle. Muscle-invasive cancer accounts for 90 percent of all bladder cancers.
Other conditions that may require cystectomy include interstitial cystitis (chronic inflammation of the bladder), severe urinary dysfunction, damage to the bladder from radiation or other treatments, or excessive bleeding from the bladder.