AIDS Dysmorphic Syndrome
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report AIDS Dysmorphic Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
- Dysmorphic Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
- Dysmorphic AIDS
- Fetal Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
- Fetal AIDS Infection
- Fetal Effects of AIDS
- HIV Embryopathy
- Perinatal AIDS
The term "AIDS dysmorphic syndrome" or "HIV embryopathy" has been used by some researchers to describe specific facial malformations (i.e., craniofacial dysmorphism), an unusually small head, and growth deficiency in some infants infected with HIV.* Such craniofacial abnormalities have included a prominent, boxlike forehead, large, wide eyes; a flattened nasal bridge, and an unusually pronounced philtrum, which is the vertical groove in the center of the upper lip.
However, many investigators have since questioned the significance of these observations. Such researchers indicate that there is lack of evidence for characteristic craniofacial malformations in infants who acquired HIV infection from their mother before, during, or shortly after birth (i.e., perinatally).
*HIV is the abbreviation for the human immunodeficiency virus, a retrovirus that infects certain white blood cells called helper T cells (CD4+ cells). HIV infection leads to progressive deterioration of the body's immune system and causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
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NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
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Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
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Center for Peripheral Neuropathy
University of Chicago
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Chicago, IL 60637
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It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
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Last Updated: 4/8/2009
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